We utilize various modalities based on the desired effect of the treatment.

  • Electrical stimulation uses different frequencies of electrical current to increase blood flow, decrease pain sensation, encourage muscle contraction and relaxation, as well as overall relaxation of the area being addressed.
  • Heat therapy is often used to relax tight muscles and increase blood flow in an area.
  • Cryotherapy or ice can be used to decrease inflammation after an acute injury or in the case that there is prolonged inflammation after a surgical procedure.
  • Heat and cryotherapy are often used in combination with electrical stimulation.
  • Ultrasound therapy can help increase blood flow in the same way heat waves would. This modality has been found particularly effective when treating tendonitis type injuries. Tendons receive less blood flow than other tissues like muscle so ultrasound is a great tool to speed up healing for these tendinous tissues.
  • Paraffin wax is used in a physical therapy clinic to deeply heat and soothe sore joints in the fingers, thumb, and wrist.
  • Iontophoresis uses electrical current to deposit a localized anti-inflammatory solution directly over an affected area. Iontophoresis would need to be included in your doctor’s Rx to the physical therapist, or it can be added by the therapist and approved by your physician at a later time.